UPDATED x2: Oregon ins. companies *REQUEST* weighted avg. 23.1% rate increase (But Don't Panic!)
2018 MIDTERM ELECTION
Time: D H M S
OK, I admit this caught me by surprise; last year the first following-year rate increase requests didn't start popping up in the major media until late May (or perhaps they did but I didn't happen to notice until then). My first entry on the subject wasn't until May 17, 2014.
This year, the first state out of the gate with the proposed rate changes is Oregon. There's a reason why I'm emphasizing "requested" and "proposed" here...because it's very important for people to understand that in most states, anyway, the state insurance commissioner can veto rate increases which are out of line. An insurance company can ask for a 10,000% increase...that doesn't mean they're gonna get it.
For instance, last summer the insurance companies in Rhode Island asked for an average rate increase of 8.9%...but only ended up getting 4.5% approved.
That's a very good thing to keep in mind, since according to Nick Budnick of the Oregonian, the initial requests out of the Beaver State are a bit disconcerting:
Moda Health wants to boost premiums an average of 25.6 percent next year for people who buy their own policies. Lifewise wants to go even higher, at 38.5 percent, and PacificSource 42.8 percent.
...The good news: the state has the final word on rates, and providers can always find a new insurer next fall before any hikes kick in. Meanwhile, some insurers don't want to raise rates, and other proposed hikes are not as substantial.
Kaiser Foundation Health Plan of the Northwest is proposing a 2 percent cut, and Providence Health an average 9 percent hike.
OK, so from lowest to highest, that's -2.0%, 9%, 25.6%, 38.5% and a whopping 42.8%. Yikes!
However, in addition to the "request vs. approved" factor there's some other very important points to remember:
- There's 5 more insurance companies offering individual policies in Oregon, either on or off the ACA exchange.
- The rates listed above are not weighted by market share. If one company doubles their rates but only has 2 people enrolled, that's gonna be massively cancelled out by another company which cuts their rates by 2% but has 50,000 people enrolled.
Unfortunately, only 5 of the 10 companies are listed in the story above.
Fortunately, those companies make up nearly 90% of Oregon's total individual insurance market this year...which I know thanks to this handy BizJournals article by Elizabeth Hayes from a couple of weeks ago:
The numbers are in: It appears that Oregon consumers were fairly price sensitive when it came to choosing health plans this year.
LifeWise had the lowest rates, at $222 a month for a 40-year-old Portlander on a silver plan. Probably not coincidentally, it more than doubled its individual membership in plans that comply with Affordable Care Act guidelines.
As of March 31, LifeWise has nearly 37,000 members in ACA-compliant plans, up from 4,735 last year, according to the Oregon Insurance Division.
Hayes goes on to list the rough or exact enrollment numbers for all 10 companies, allowing me to whip up the following table, which gives a rough idea of the weighted average rate increases requested by the Oregon insurers:
Again, while half the companies are missing, they only make up about 10% of the total anyway, minimizing their impact on the 24.0% average above.. For example, if all 5 missing companies were to keep their rates exactly the same (0% change), that would only reduce the fully-weighted requested average down to 21.5%:
Anyway, as alarming as that 24% increase looks at first glance, it's also important to note that rate changes are relative to what they already were to begin with. For example, according to the BizJournals article, Lifewise may be jacking up their rates 38.5%...but they had the lowest rates to begin with ($222 for a "benchmark" single 40 year old Silver plan). That 38.5% spike pushes it up to $307...but Trillium currently has the highest rates ($290 for a similar plan), and look how terribly they're doing at that level this year (only 40 people total...not 40,000, not 400...40).
In addition, there's no information here about how that 38.5% "average" itself is weighted. What if Lifewise is raising rates 80% on their Gold and Platinum plans but lowering rates by 3% on their Bronze and Silver plans? Assuming their 37,000 enrollees are evenly distributed across all 4 metal levels, that would mean an average 38.5% increase, and so on.
Obviously that's unlikely to be the case, but it illustrates the point: Be careful about jumping to conclusions when you see these initial rate requests.
Just remember this chart from last year, which tracked what people thought the average rate increase was going to be in 2015 vs. what it eventually ended up being:
Finally, there's one more important thing to keep in mind: The Oregonian's Nick Budnick doesn't say in his article anything about whether these requested rate increases take into account a potential King vs. Burwell decision.
Most of the people I've conversed with seem to think that Oregon, Nevada and New Mexico are in the clear in the event that the King plaintiffs win...but some think that those 3 states could be in just as much danger of losing their federal subsidies as the other 34 states using HC.gov. Certainly Michael Cannon of the CATO Institute--one of the architects of the King case--seems to be pushing to include Oregon in the potential fallout.
I'll ask Mr. Budnick about it, but even if they claim otherwise, I wouldn't be at all surprised if the Oregon-based insurance companies are padding their rate requests to hedge their bets on the outcome of the King case...which I don't blame them for one bit.
UPDATE: OK, on Friday, Budnick posted an updated story which includes the full list of rate change requests, for both the individual and small group markets. In addition, I've updated the market share numbers to the best of my ability using the Oregon Insurance Division's onlilne health insurance reporting system.
Here's how the table above is modified, along with the small group table:
As you can see, with the additional information, the weighted average increase has dropped a bit, from 24% to 23.1%, which is still pretty ugly. All of the enrollment numbers are straight from the Oregon Insurance Division website except for the Health CO-OP figure, which remains from the BizJournals article (it isn't listed at all on the OR site; I assume the CO-OP's public/private legal status is the reason?).
The good news is on the small group market side, where the weighted average is only 2.4%. In this case, CO-OP numbers aren't included at all, but unless it has a massive membership in the small group market, it shouldn't move the needle more than a tenth of a point or so.
UPDATED x2: I should also note that this year, Oregon's individual ACA-compliant policy rates actually dropped by 2.5% on average, so this may simply be a case of overcorrecting. The average rate increase on the individual market prior to the ACA was around 10-11% per year...and a 2.5% drop one year followed by a 23.1% increase the following year would actually average out to, you guessed it....10.3% per year.
Still not great news if true, of course, but it lends some perspective: This year the overall rate increase averaged about 5.4% (down slightly from the 5.6% in the graph above); if rates were to go up an overall average of 15.6%, for instance, that would be a 2-year average of 10.5%.